High Blood Pressure Symptoms That Can Save Your Life

high blood pressure symptoms

Hey guys what's going on I want to take the time out and talk about a specific medical topic that's been making headlines all across and use this week who should be diagnosed with high blood pressure

blood pressure half of all adults redefining the danger zone plus it's a medical issue that affects

one in three individuals at least here in the States that topic is hypertension before we start

talking about what hypertension is let's talk a little basic anatomy the human body has a

human heart the human heart has two ventricles the left ventricle is a strongest ventricle and

 that part of the heart squeezes and pumps blood to the rest of the body it does so through

blood vessels called arteries arteries take blood and allow it to travel away from the heart the

way we memorize that in medical school is a away from the heart a four artery when you

measure blood pressure all you're doing is you're measuring the pressure that's on the arterial

walls and there are really three major factors that play a role in this pressure number one is

 cardiac output which is how much blood your heart pumps out with each beat number two is

blood volume and number three is that resistance your heart has to pump against normally

when you visit a doctor's office or a hospital and you have a health professional measure your

 blood pressure you see them use a cuff that cuff has a name it's called a sphygmomanometer

 as a mouthful I understand so we tend to use the term blood pressure cuff the way that the blood pressure cuff works is by constricting the arteries within your arm and while the doctor

or other health professionals listening at the brachial artery you hear that first sound of blood

rushing through the artery that's known as the systolic blood pressure which is measured in

millimeters of mercury and then when that sound disappears that's known as a diastolic

 pressure sometimes you see the numbers written as a fraction the top number is the systolic

 number and the bottom number is the diastolic number the top number also known as the

 systolic blood pressure is the pressure during maximal contraction of your heart and a

 diastolic or bottom number is when your heart is completely relaxed well it sounds like taking

a blood pressure is a fairly simple process there's a lot that can go wrong and there's a lot of

 room for error the blood pressure cuff is too small if the blood pressure cuff is used over

clothing if the patient has a rested for at least five minutes if the arms back her feet are

unsupported if the patients in an emotional state if the patient is talking if the patient just

had a cigarette if the patient just drank a cup of coffee or had some alcohol if the patient is

cold if the patient has a full bladder and really needs to use the bathroom all those things can

throw off the blood pressure and make it look like your patient has high blood pressure when

they really don't because there are so many external factors that influence a person's blood

 pressure we don't give the diagnosis of hypertension until we have to elevated readings from

two separate visits let's do a little hypothetical here you or even your family member is

diagnosed with hypertension what does that mean what are you at risk for doctors make a

 really big deal about hypertension so let's talk about it hypertension damages the blood

vessels throughout your entire body starting from your brain to your eyes to your lungs to

your heart it's your kidneys and even to your penis if you have a penis that is normally I don't

like to be the doctor that's all doom and gloom but it's really important to say that having

hypertension significantly raises your risk of having a heart attack stroke heart disease and

 kidney disease this is precisely why hypertension is known as the silent killer because you

don't have symptoms until you already have some serious complications having your blood

pressure well controlled decreases the risk of dying by 25% and it lowers your risk of having a

 heart attack and stroke by 30% now you want to treat your hypertension and you're not

necessarily keen on going the pharmacologic approach right away there are lifestyle changes

you can make in order to lower your blood pressure naturally in fact 90% of hypertension is

 caused by poor diet lack of exercise and other bad habits so if you're not exercising you should

be doing moderate intensity exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week next comes

diet probably the most important thing that you can do to alter your blood pressure the DASH diet which is a specific diet which I'll link down below is one that's been proven to lower your

blood pressure by 11 points one of the highest successes we've seen for a diet the two bad

habits that have been proven to elevate your blood pressure is heavy alcohol consumption and

 smoking when we say heavy alcohol consumption what we mean is more than two drinks per

day per week for a man and more than one drink per day per week for a woman when we

 speak about smoking we're actually talking about smoking in any amount so do not be a

smoker and do not be a heavy drinker if you don't want your blood pressure elevated now

these lifestyle modifications to lower your blood pressure work exceptionally well to prevent

you from getting hypertension in the first place so I always like to think in terms of

prevention rather than cures so follow these habits live a healthy lifestyle and don't develop

high blood pressure now let's get into the numbers of the matter and talk about some of these

 new guidelines that are making a splash in the headlines across the news before we had these

cut-offs where we diagnose people with either having normal blood pressure pre hypertension

 or what we called stage 1 hypertension or stage 2 and now those cut-offs have completely

changed now a normal blood pressure is less than 120 over 80 and an elevated blood pressure

 is 120 to 129 over 80 and at that point we should recommend healthy lifestyle changes and

check it every three to six months Stage one high blood pressure is now 130 to 139 over 80

to 89 which used to fall into the pre hypertension range that's the major change within these

new guidelines basically what we do is we plug in some of your statistics into a calculator and

what it does is it spits out a risk or percentage of you having a heart attack or stroke within

the next ten years if you have less than 10% risk we have to stress the lifestyle changes and

 again reassess in three to six months now if your blood pressure is over a hundred forty over

90 that's considered stage 2 high blood pressure at this point we can start to consider a

 pharmacologic approach in addition to lifestyle changes in or to get your blood pressure to

the normal values now under these new guidelines approximately 30 million more people in

 the United States will be defined as having hypertension and while that sounds like a dream

for pharmaceutical companies it's not a party for them just yet the reason being is that these

 30 million people will be defined as having hypertension but only about 4 million out of

those 30 million people will actually need pharmaceuticals to keep their blood pressure in

check there are a few things these guidelines do really well the best research done in the last

 two decades proves that controlling blood pressure to a tighter limit of 120 over 80 actually

 yields better results and allows people to live longer and avoid heart attacks and strokes

number two there's a strong emphasis place on measuring blood pressure in the correct manner and number three they put a great deal of focus on lifestyle changes this is something I preach

everywhere I go and with every patient I meet it's much better to prevent this problem than

to take a pill once it's already there in the medical community we know we don't treat

hypertension well there's a couple of reasons for that number one patients don't often come

in for screenings unless there's already a problem and we don't catch hypertension when we

should and number two is when we actually do catch hypertension and we've tried lifestyle factors and they haven't worked we prescribe a medicine and oftentimes patients are reluctant

 to take their medicines here's the thing if a doctor recommends a medication I'm not saying

you have to take it what I'm saying is if you tell your doctor you're gonna take it take it

because if you don't you're ultimately putting yourself at risk some people decide to not take a

medicine because of its side effects there are alternatives you're not stuck to taking one

medication or these two medications there are definitely options and you should always talk

about your worries with your doctor because the last thing that we want as doctors is for you

to have a problem and not have it treated simply because of a miscommunication high blood

pressure is a complex topic and it has major implications for your health I hope this video was able to demystify a little bit of what illnesses and steps that you can do to not only prevent it

 but to treat it in case you already have it I know I didn't cover everything there is to know

about hypertension within this video so if you have some remaining unanswered questions

 leave them down below in the comments so I can respond also if you enjoy this format please

let me know because I want to continue making content that you guys enjoy as always stay

healthy and happy see you next Sunday why can't I say it blood pressure blood pressure a little

 blood pressure it's called a sphygmomanometer a sphygmomanometer that's the right word

see can these sirens stop today like I just don't understand is there an emergency everywhere

on 42nd Street just leave guys come on high blood pressure but only about 4 million out of

those 30 million will actually need pharmaceuticals to keep their blood pressure under check under check let's do it again. Next Stop Ignoring These Low Blood Pressure Symptoms

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source: youtube.com

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