Fatty Liver Symptoms: How to React?

fatty liver symptoms


We care about fatty liver disease because it is one

of the problem which can cause liver failure, liver cancer, and

the need for liver transplantation.

The presence of extra fat in the liver

can cause chronic irritation of the liver cells and

subsequently can cause further liver damage.


There are three common causes of fatty liver disease,

being overweight, patient's with diabetes and

also patient's with high cholesterol.

Keeping in mind some people with normal body weight

can have fatty liver disease.

The increasing epidemic of fatty liver disease has been recently

attributed to overweight and the high prevalence of diabetes.



Fatty liver disease used to be a very rare condition in children.

However, recently with the increasing problem of obesity

in children,

fatty liver disease became affecting about 10% of children.



Early in the course of the disease,

many patients have no symptoms.

However, when the scaring and

the inflammation of the liver progress.

Many patients start to complain of problems

related to enlargement of the liver or fatigue.

If complications happened from fatty liver disease such as

cirrhosis or complete scaring,

patient can have problems with bleeding and symptoms of other

complications of liver disease such as liver cancer.


When we do a blood test for a patient with fatty liver

disease, many patients will have elevated liver function test.

Imaging modalities can be very helpful for

diagnoses of fatty liver disease,

such as ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, or fiber scan.

Occasionally, patients might need liver biopsy to assess

the significance of the damage in the liver.


Fatty liver disease in early stage could be completely

reversible.

However, if patient continues to have excess fat in the liver.

This can lead to complete scarring of the liver,

or what we call sclerosis.

And subsequently liver failure, and its complications such as

liver cancer, and the need for liver transplantation.

Fatty liver disease become a more common indication for

liver transplantation globally.


There is no specific treatment for fatty liver disease.

The most important step is to control the risk factors

to liver disease such as high cholesterol and controlling

the blood sugar, and lose weight for obese individuals.


There are recent studies which confirm clearly the benefit of

coffee for patients with liver disease.

There have been some suggestions that drinking two or

three cups of coffee a day will prevent liver cancer,

and liver scarring in patients with fatty liver disease.


The most important food to avoid for patients with fatty liver

disease, are food rich in refined sugars, such as bread,

rice, potatoes and corn.

Also we recommend for patients to consume lean meat and

increase the amount of vegetables and

salads in their diet.

Related : Crohn's Disease Diet: What You Eat Matters!


At Johns Hopkins Hospital we are conducting several clinical

trials.

Looking for a novel therapy for fatty liver disease.

We're using tablets form for specific drugs that

alter the pathophysiology of fatty liver disease.

What we are hoping is to prevent the accumulation of

fat in the liver.

To reduce the amount of scarring in the liver from fatty

liver disease.

And eventually preventing liver cancer and liver failure.


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